We then go to Madrid, where cured meats and dishes made with pork taste their very best and where the custom of a small number of people to eat churros con chocolate, has become an established Madrid tradition. We then move on to the small region of La Rioja where some of the best Spanish wines are produced. These wines go perfectly with the delicious tapas found in some of the local bars. Come and discover this region in the heart of Spain and learn about its incredibly rich history.
On this one-week tour you can immerse yourself in the history and origins of this region of Southern Spain, marked by the Moorish occupation which lasted several centuries. On this two-week tour, you will go to Andalusia and Castile, and finish you trip in Catalonia. Andalusia was one of the longest-lasting Arab Kingdoms in the Iberian Peninsula and Castile was one of the largest Christian kingdoms in Spain, which, it is said, got its name from the number of castles to be found in this region.
Great historical events have left their mark in the form of buildings and these are testaments to the passage of time. This is a tour in which history is revealed through the incredibly varied architecture Spain has to offer. Does the chaotic rhythm of days which follow one another in a frenetic fashion often leave you without any time for yourself and for what really matters? Switch off from all these worries and come on our two-week tour. All this on a tour which invites you to relax, to rest and enjoy your free time in the best possible way.
Come and join us! Would you like to get to know the South of Spain, its hidden treasures and impressive monuments left from centuries of Islamic rule, but cannot or do not want to have to drive? If you wish to visit the most important cities in Spain without having to drive, then this two-week tour is perfect for you. Adults, Children and Seniors 55 or more Accommodation Price Range Economy Superior Deluxe A solution for travellers who cannot afford a high price but still expect a good quality tour.
Our hand-picked basic accommodations are 3 star hotels or similar. Paying more than standard for better accommodation services to make sure you absolutely have a comfortable trip. You will stay in very good accommodation 4 star, some 3 star high end. Mostly first-class hotels, with impeccable services with personal care 5 star hotels, Pousadas, mixed with very charming rural accommodation in smaller towns where high end hotels might not be available.
Perfect choice for having great value for money! You will pick up the rental car at the nearest desk on the first day that you will be driving. You should return it on the second last day at the nearest desk to your hotel. With the rental car you have the freedom of choice of how much to do and see each of the travelling days, allowing you to access some of the hidden gems along the way between each location.
We will also book transfers from the airport to the hotel on the day of your arrival and from the hotel to the airport on the day of your departure. Our English Speaking private driver will pick you up at your Hotel, tour with you, and take you back to your hotel.
Our driver will ensure you have what you need to make the most of your time. You will be driven on an Air conditioned and very comfortable luxury vehicle. The driver would be at your service about 8 hours per day, within the kilometers and itinerary set. The private driver service costs around Euros to Euros per day. The final price will be calculated based on your specific itinerary. Our English Speaking private driver will pick you up at the train stations and take you to the hotels and vice versa where service is needed or available.
Where there are no trains available, buses will be used as an alternative. Choose your theme , tour and price level. You can also ask for a tailor-made tour exclusive to you. If you are 55 or older, please let us know, and we will apply any available discounts to your tour price!
If you are a Travel Agent willing to sell our tours to your customers, or need any incoming services for Spain or Portugal, we will be glad to establish a partnership with your company. What we can offer: Day 4, Carmona, City View. Day 7, Granada, Generalife Gardens. Day 8, Nerja, Coastline.
Day 10, Ronda, Puente Nuevo Bridge. Day 11, Zahara de la Sierra, Landscape. Day 12, Jerez de la Frontera, Winery. Day 15, Seville, Decorative Ceramic Bench. See Tour Details Calculate Price. Select a value Just dreaming I have my plane tickets to go to Spain.
The city remained in the hands of Christian troops until , when the Almoravids retook the city and restored the Muslim religion. The Almoravid Masdali took possession on 5 May , then the Almohads , seized control of it in Many Jews lived in Valencia during early Muslim rule, including the accomplished Jewish poet Solomon ibn Gabirol , who spent his last years in the city. When the city fell to James I of Aragon , the Jewish population of the city constituted about 7 percent of the population.
In ,  King James I of Aragon , with an army composed of Aragonese , Catalans , Navarrese and crusaders from the Order of Calatrava , laid siege to Valencia and on 28 September obtained a surrender. The city endured serious troubles in the midth century, including the decimation of the population by the Black Death of and subsequent years of epidemics — as well as a series of wars and riots that followed.
In , the Jewish quarter was destroyed. The 15th century was a time of economic expansion, known as the Valencian Golden Age, in which culture and the arts flourished. Concurrent population growth made Valencia the most populous city in the Crown of Aragon. In painting and sculpture, Flemish and Italian trends had an influence on Valencian artists. Valencia rose to become one of the most influential cities on the Mediterranean in the 15th and 16th centuries, but following the discovery of the Americas, the Valencians, like the Catalans, Aragonese and Majorcans all not near the Atlantic coast , were inhibited from participation in the cross-Atlantic commerce, and with this loss of trade, Valencia eventually suffered an economic crisis.
The crisis deepened during the 17th century with the expulsion in of the Jews and the Moriscos , descendants of the Muslim population that had converted to Christianity.
They were concentrated in the former Kingdom of Aragon , and in the Valencia area specifically, they were roughly a third of the total population. The decline of the city reached its nadir with the War of Spanish Succession — , marking the end of the political and legal independence of the Kingdom of Valencia. On 24 January , Charles Mordaunt, 3rd Earl of Peterborough, 1st Earl of Monmouth , led a handful of English cavalrymen into the city after riding south from Barcelona, captured the nearby fortress at Sagunt, and bluffed the Spanish Bourbon army into withdrawal.
The English held the city for 16 months and defeated several attempts to expel them. After the victory of the Bourbons at the Battle of Almansa on 25 April , the English army evacuated Valencia and Philip V ordered the repeal of the privileges of Valencia as punishment for the kingdom's support of Charles of Austria. The Valencian economy recovered during the 18th century with the rising manufacture of woven silk and ceramic tiles.
The 18th century was the age of the Enlightenment in Europe, and its humanistic ideals influenced such men as Gregory Maians and Perez Bayer in Valencia, who maintained correspondence with the leading French and German thinkers of the time.
The 19th century began with Spain embroiled in wars with France, Portugal, and England—but the War of Independence most affected the Valencian territories and the capital city. The repercussions of the French Revolution were still felt when Napoleon's armies invaded the Iberian Peninsula.
The mutineers seized the Citadel, a Supreme Junta government took over, and on 26—28 June, Napoleon's Marshal Moncey attacked the city with a column of 9, French imperial troops in the First Battle of Valencia. He failed to take the city in two assaults and retreated to Madrid. Marshal Suchet began a long siege of the city in October , and after intense bombardment forced it to surrender on 8 January When he returned on 24 March from exile in France, the Cortes requested that he respect the liberal Constitution of , which seriously limited royal powers.
Ferdinand refused and went to Valencia instead of Madrid. Here, on 17 April, General Elio invited the King to reclaim his absolute rights and put his troops at the King's disposition. The king abolished the Constitution of and dissolved the two chambers of the Spanish Parliament on 10 May. Thus began six years — of absolutist rule, but the constitution was reinstated during the Trienio Liberal , a period of three years of liberal government in Spain from — City life in Valencia carried on in a revolutionary climate, with frequent clashes between liberals and republicans.
The reign of Isabella II as an adult — was a period of relative stability and growth for Valencia. During the second half of the 19th century the bourgeoisie encouraged the development of the city and its environs; land-owners were enriched by the introduction of the orange crop and the expansion of vineyards and other crops,.
This economic boom corresponded with a revival of local traditions and of the Valencian language, which had been ruthlessly suppressed from the time of Philip V. Around , the Valencian Renaissance, a movement committed to the revival of the Valencian language and traditions, began to gain ascendancy. In the early 20th century Valencia was an industrialised city. The silk industry had disappeared, but there was a large production of hides and skins, wood, metals and foodstuffs, this last with substantial exports, particularly of wine and citrus.
Small businesses predominated, but with the rapid mechanisation of industry larger companies were being formed. The best expression of this dynamic was in the regional exhibitions, including that of held next to the pedestrian avenue L'Albereda Paseo de la Alameda , which depicted the progress of agriculture and industry.
World War I — greatly affected the Valencian economy, causing the collapse of its citrus exports. The Second Spanish Republic — opened the way for democratic participation and the increased politicisation of citizens, especially in response to the rise of Conservative Front power in The inevitable march to civil war and the combat in Madrid resulted in the removal of the capital of the Republic to Valencia. On 6 November , the city became the capital of Republican Spain. The city was heavily bombarded by air and sea, and by the end of the war the city had survived bombardments, leaving 2, dead and wounded, although it is estimated that the death toll was higher.
The Republican government moved to Barcelona on 31 October of that year. On 30 March , Valencia surrendered and the Nationalist troops entered the city.
The postwar years were a time of hardship for Valencians. During Franco's regime speaking or teaching Valencian was prohibited; in a significant reversal it is now compulsory for every schoolchild in Valencia. The dictatorship of Franco forbade political parties and began a harsh ideological and cultural repression countenanced  and sometimes even led by the Catholic Church.
The economy began to recover in the early s, and the city experienced explosive population growth through immigration spurred by the jobs created with the implementation of major urban projects and infrastructure improvements. With the advent of democracy in Spain, the ancient kingdom of Valencia was established as a new autonomous entity, the Valencian Community , the Statute of Autonomy of designating Valencia as its capital.
These public works and the ongoing rehabilitation of the Old City Ciutat Vella have helped improve the city's livability and tourism is continually increasing. It was supposedly brought to that church by Emperor Valerian in the 3rd century, after having been brought by St.
Peter to Rome from Jerusalem. The Sant Calze Holy Chalice is a simple, small stone cup. Its base was added during the medieval period and consists of fine gold, alabaster and gem stones.
Valencia was selected in to host the historic America's Cup yacht race, the first European city ever to do so. The America's Cup matches took place from April to July Twenty-two days later, on 25 July , the leaders of the Alinghi syndicate, holder of the America's Cup, officially announced that Valencia would be the host city for the 33rd America's Cup, held in June The ancient winding streets of the Barrio del Carmen contain buildings dating to Roman and Arabic times.
The Cathedral , built between the 13th and 15th centuries, is primarily of Valencian Gothic style but contains elements of Baroque and Romanesque architecture. The 15th-century Serrans and Quart towers are part of what was once the wall surrounding the city.
Calatrava is also responsible for the bridge named after him in the centre of the city. Llotja de la Seda Silk Exchange, interior. Mercat de Colon in Valencian Art Nouveau style. The Museum of Fine Arts of Valencia , is the second museum with the largest amount of paintings in Spain,   after Prado Museum.
Real Colegio Seminario del Corpus Christi. One of the few arch-bridges that links the Cathedral with neighboring buildings.
This one built in Palau de la Generalitat a tower was added in , the rest was built in the Medieval and Early-Modern periods. It is situated in the centre of the ancient Roman city where some believe the temple of Diana stood. In Gothic times, it seems to have been dedicated to the Holy Saviour; the Cid dedicated it to the Blessed Virgin; King James I of Aragon did likewise, leaving in the main chapel the image of the Blessed Virgin, which he carried with him and is reputed to be the one now preserved in the sacristy.
Michael's day in The tower is about 58 metres feet high and is topped with a belfry — In the 15th century the dome was added and the naves extended back of the choir, uniting the building to the tower and forming a main entrance. Archbishop Luis Alfonso de los Cameros began the building of the main chapel in ; the walls were decorated with marbles and bronzes in the Baroque style of that period.
The other two doors lead into the transept; one, that of the Apostles in pure pointed Gothic, dates from the 14th century, the other is that of the Palau.
The additions made to the back of the cathedral detract from its height. The 18th-century restoration rounded the pointed arches, covered the Gothic columns with Corinthian pillars, and redecorated the walls.
The dome has no lantern, its plain ceiling being pierced by two large side windows. There are four chapels on either side, besides that at the end and those that open into the choir, the transept, and the sanctuary.
It contains many paintings by eminent artists. A silver reredos , which was behind the altar, was carried away in the war of , and converted into coin to meet the expenses of the campaign. There are two paintings by Francisco de Goya in the San Francesco chapel. The Tribunal de les Aigües Water Court , a court dating from Moorish times that hears and mediates in matters relating to irrigation water, sits at noon every Thursday outside the Porta dels Apostols Portal of the Apostles. In , a hospital was founded and placed under the patronage of Santa Maria dels Innocents ; to this was attached a confraternity devoted to recovering the bodies of the unfriended dead in the city and within a radius of 5 km around it.
King Philip IV of Spain and the Duke of Arcos suggested the building of the new chapel, and in the Viceroy , Conde de Oropesa , who had been preserved from the bubonic plague , insisted on carrying out their project.
The Blessed Virgin was proclaimed patroness of the city under the title of Virgen de los desamparados Virgin of the Forsaken , and Archbishop Pedro de Urbina, on 31 June , laid the cornerstone of the new chapel of this name. The archiepiscopal palace, a grain market in the time of the Moors, is simple in design, with an inside cloister and a handsome chapel.
In , the arch that connects it with the cathedral was built. Inside the council chamber are preserved the portraits of all the prelates of Valencia. El Temple the Temple , the ancient church of the Knights Templar , which passed into the hands of the Order of Montesa and was rebuilt in the reigns of Ferdinand VI and Charles III ; the former convent of the Dominicans , at one time the headquarters of the Capitan General , the cloister of which has a beautiful Gothic wing and the chapter room, large columns imitating palm trees ; the Colegio del Corpus Christi , which is devoted to the Blessed Sacrament, and in which perpetual adoration is carried on; the Jesuit college, which was destroyed in by the revolutionary Committee of the Popular Front, but later rebuilt; and the Colegio de San Juan also of the Society , the former college of the nobles, now a provincial institute for secondary instruction.
The plaza is triangular in shape, with a large cement lot at the southern end, normally surrounded by flower vendors.
There is a large fountain at the northern end. The Turia River was diverted in the s, after severe flooding , and the old riverbed is now the Turia gardens, which contain a children's playground, a fountain, and sports fields. The Valencia Bioparc is a zoo, also located in the Turia riverbed. Valencia is also internationally famous for its football club, Valencia C. The club is currently owned by Peter Lim, a Singaporean businessman who bought the club in Valencia Firebats and Valencia Giants.
The Firebats have been national champions four times and have represented Valencia and Spain in the European playoffs since The final race in European Grand Prix saw an extremely popular winner, since home driver Fernando Alonso won for Ferrari in spite of starting halfway down the field. The city plays host to a number of clubs playing the sport and to date has hosted all the country's home international matches.
Spain won the fixture . Valencia is twinned with: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Valencia, Spain. This article is about the city in Spain. For other uses, see Valencia disambiguation. Municipality in Valencian Community, Spain. History of Valencia and Timeline of Valencia. Sant Joan de l'Hospital church built in except for a Baroque chapel.
Sala Nova hall 16th century inside the Palau de la Generalitat Valenciana. Route of the Borgias. List of twin towns and sister cities in Spain. Retrieved 13 January Retrieved 3 March Archived from the original PDF on 5 April Retrieved 16 February Retrieved 11 April The Cambridge Ancient History.
Archived from the original on 7 April Retrieved 24 June Historia de la Albufera de Valencia. Retrieved 5 February Retrieved 7 November Retrieved 22 April Retrieved 16 June Valencia Body and Assembly — Corporate. Retrieved 15 September Archived from the original on 4 June Archived from the original on 9 September Retrieved 1 January Las Provincias" in Spanish.
Retrieved 18 June Retrieved 9 March Global Public Transit Index by Moovit.